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Control of African swine fever virus replication by small interfering RNA targeting the A151R and VP72 genes

Keita D., Heath L., Albina E.. 2010. Antiviral Therapy, 15 (5) : p. 727-736.

Background: African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the unique member of the Asfarviridae family and Asfivirus genus. It is an enveloped double-stranded DNA arbovirus that replicates in the cell cytoplasm, similar to poxviruses. There is no vaccine and no treatment available to control this virus. Methods: We describe the use of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting the A151R and VP72 (B646L) genes to control the ASFV replication in vitro. Results: Results suggest that siRNA targeting the A151R and VP72 genes can reduce both the virus replication and its levels of messenger RNA transcripts. The reduction was up to 4 log10 copies on the virus titre and up to 3 log10 copies on virus RNA transcripts levels. The combination of multiple siRNA did not improve the antiviral effect significantly, compared with use of individual siRNAs. Conclusions: The function of the A151R gene product in the virus replication cycle is yet unclear, but is essential. We also demonstrate that it is possible to inhibit, using small interfering RNA, a virus that replicates exclusively in the cell cytoplasm in specific viral factories. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : génétique; réplication d'adn; virologie; virus peste porcine africaine; espagne

Thématique : Maladies des animaux

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