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Molecular phylogeny of Pisolithus species from Moroccan forest woodlands

Bakkali-Yakhlef S., Mousain D., Duponnois R., Ducousso M., Belkouri A., Kerdouh B., Perrineau M.M., Abourouh M.. 2009. Symbiosis, 49 (3) : p. 157-162.

The phylogenetic relationships among 200 Pisolithus basidiomata collected from pine, oak, and eucalypt forests and rockrose scrubs in Morocco were investigated. Using PCR-RFLP analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of ribosomal DNA, this collection could be divided into 5 groups, by using PCR-RFLP analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of ribosomal DNA. The ITS of a representative basidioma of each group was sequenced, and a phylogenetic analysis was performed. The dendrogram suggests that at least five Pisolithus species are present in Morocco. Pisolithus basidiomata collected in the Pinus and Quercus forests correspond to Pisolithus arhizus and P. species 4 as previously described by Martin and colleagues in 2002. Those collected from the eucalyptus forests, under E. gomphocephala and E. camaldulensis, correspond to P. albus and P. microcarpus. Basidiomata collected from the rockrose scrubs, under Cistus crispus, C. monspeliensis or C. salviifolius, are all identified as Pisolithus species 3. Phylogenetic analyses showed that our different Pisolithus grouped well with Pisolithus specimens from other geographical origins. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : forêt; rflp; pcr; distribution géographique; provenance; adn ribosomal; cistus; eucalyptus; pinus; quercus; arbre forestier; symbiose; séquence nucléotidique; phylogénie; taxonomie; ectomycorhize; pisolithus; maroc; séquencage

Thématique : Biologie du sol; Physiologie végétale : croissance et développement; Taxonomie végétale et phyto-géographie; Fertilité du sol; Production forestière

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