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Molecular and biological characterization of Pepper yellow vein Mali virus (PepYVMV) isolates associated with pepper yellow vein disease in Burkina Faso

Tiendrebeogo F., Lefeuvre P., Hoareau M., Traore V.S.E., Barro N., Péréfarres F., Reynaud B., Traoré A.S., Konaté G., Lett J.M., Traoré O.. 2011. Archives of Virology, 156 (3) : p. 483-487.

DOI: 10.1007/s00705-010-0854-2

Yellow vein disease (YVD) is a major problem in pepper in West Africa. Despite the recent implication of a begomovirus in YVD in Mali and in Burkina Faso, the aetiology of the disease remains unclear. Using symptomatic samples from the main vegetable cultivation regions in Burkina Faso, 10 full-length DNA-A-like begomovirus sequences were obtained, each showing 98% nucleotide identity to pepper yellow vein Mali virus (PepYVMV). The host range was determined after construction of a viral clone for agroinfection. Severe symptoms developed in tomato and Nicotiana benthamiana. By contrast, no symptoms developed in either commercial or local pepper cultivars, demonstrating that the aetiology of YVD is not only associated with the presence of PepYVMV.

Mots-clés : virus des végétaux; capsicum annuum; begomovirus; mali; burkina faso; pepper yellow vein mali virus

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