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Evaluation of housing as a means to protect cattle from Culicoides Biting midges, the vectors of Bluetongue Virus

Baylis M., Parkin H., Kreppel K., Carpenter S., Mellor P.S., McIntyre K.M., Guis H.. 2009. Revue d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 62 (2-4) : p. 99-99. Medreonet Annual Meeting. 2, 2008-12-09/2008-12-11, Teramo (Italie).

Light-trap catches of Culicoides biting midges were compared inside and outside animal housing, in the presence and in the absence of cattle. A three-time replicated 4x4 Latin square design was used at four farms in Bala, North Wales, over 12 nights in May and June; the experiment was repeated in October. In the two studies, over 70,000 and over 4500 Culicoides were trapped of which 93% and 86%, respectively, belonged to C. Obsoletus complex. Across the four farms, in May and June, the presence of cattle increased catches of C. obsoletus by 2.3 times, and outside traps caught them 6.5 times more than inside traps. Similar patterns were apparent in October, but the difference between inside and outside catches was reduced. Catches were strongly correlated with minimum temperature and maximum wind speed, and these two variables explained a large amount of night-to-night variation in catch. Outside catches were reduced to a greater extent than inside catches by colder minimum temperatures and stronger maximum wind speeds. These conditions occurred more frequently in October than in May and June, thereby suppressing the outside catches more than the inside catches, and reducing the apparent degree of exophily of C. obsoletus in autumn. The results suggest that the risk of animals receiving bites from C. obsoletus is reduced by housing at both times of year, but the benefit would be greatest on warm, still nights when outside catches are at their greatest. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés : fièvre catarrhale du mouton; logement des animaux; virus bluetongue; culicoides; pays de galles; culicoides obseletus

Thématique : Maladies des animaux; Organismes nuisibles des animaux; Bâtiments agricoles

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