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Feeding behaviour of potential vectors of West Nile virus in Senegal

Fall A.G., Diaite A., Lancelot R., Tran A., Soti V., Etter E., Konaté L., Faye O., Bouyer J.. 2011. Parasites and Vectors, 4 (99) : 7 p..

DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-4-99

West Nile virus (WNV) is a widespread pathogen maintained in an enzootic cycle between mosquitoes and birds with occasional spill-over into dead-end hosts such as horses and humans. Migratory birds are believed to play an important role in its dissemination from and to the Palaearctic area, as well as its local dispersion between wintering sites. The Djoudj Park, located in Senegal, is a major wintering site for birds migrating from Europe during the study period (Sept. 2008- Jan. 2009). In this work, we studied the seasonal feeding behaviour dynamics of the potential WNV mosquito vectors at the border of the Djoudj Park, using a reference trapping method (CDC light CO2-baited traps) and two host-specific methods (horse- and pigeon-baited traps). Blood meals of engorged females were analysed to determine their origin.

Mots-clés : flavivirus; culex; culex tritaeniorhynchus; vecteur de maladie; sénégal; fièvre du nil occidental; culex neavei

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