Publications des agents du Cirad


Comparative efficiency and accuracy of variable area transects versus square plots for sampling tree diversity and density

Cheryl D.Nath, Pélissier R., Garcia C.A.. 2010. AgroForestry Systems, 79 (2) : p. 223-236.

Agroforestry systems have been recognized as areas with high conservation potential, and there is a need to quickly assess the biodiversity and tree stocking density available in these systems. However, it is not clear if the commonly used fixed area plot is most efficient for sampling such landscapes, or if a different method could provide equivalent data with less effort. Thus, a field and simulation-based study was carried out to compare the efficiency and accuracy of a variable area transect versus the fixed area square plot. Field efficiency tests were carried out in three habitat types, robusta coffee plantations, arabica coffee plantations and a privately owned forest fragment, in Kodagu, southern India. A simulation study of bias, precision and accuracy of the two methods for tree density estimation also was carried out using various spatial distribution patterns and densities. The variable area transect was significantly more efficient per unit effort in the field than the fixed area square plot. In the simulation tests both methods performed equally well under random spatial distribution. However, under simulated aggregated distribution both methods were positively biased (square plot up to 12% at low density, variable area transect 9-12% at all densities), and under simulated regular distribution the variable area transect was slightly negatively biased (-5 to -7% at medium to high density). The variable area transect thus can be recommended over the square plot for rapid assessment of tree diversity and density, when the vegetation is expected to be randomly dispersed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : coffea canephora; coffea arabica; agroforesterie; karnataka

Thématique : Systèmes et modes de culture; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Production forestière

Documents associés

Article de revue

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :