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Epidemiological interaction at the Wildlife/Livestock/Human interface: can we anticipate emerging infectious diseases in their hotspots? A framework for understanding emerging diseases processes in their hot spots

Caron A., Morand S., De Garine-Wichatitsky M.. 2012. In : Morand Serge (ed.), Beaudeau François (ed.), Cabaret Jacques (ed.). New frontiers of molecular epidemiology of infectious diseases. Heidelberg : Springer [Allemagne], p. 311-332.

Emerging infectious diseases' hotspots have been identified as multi-host and multi-pathogen systems often characterized in tropical ecosystems by an extensive wildlife/domestic/human interface. The pathogen communities shared by the wild and domestic populations at this interface reflect the historical epidemiological interactions between them. In a research framework using recent community ecology, evolutionary biology and molecular biology advances, this information can be used to identify potential pathways for future pathogen spill-over initiating the emergence process. In other words, an understanding of the mechanisms of pathogen transmission in a specific ecosystem can provide an interaction network between host populations defined by nodes and edges and characterized by the frequency, intensity and direction of the interactions with a direct input for targeted disease surveillance. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : animal sauvage; animal domestique; bétail; genre humain; agent pathogène; hôte; transmission des maladies; Épidémiologie; maladie infectieuse; Émergence

Thématique : Maladies des animaux; Ecologie animale; Autres thèmes

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