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Sterile insect technology for control of Anopheles mosquito: a mathematical feasibility study

Anguelov R., Dumont Y., Lubuma J.. 2011. In : International Conference on Mathematical Methods and Models in Biosciences, Sofia, Bulgaria, 15-18 June, 2011. s.l. : s.n., 1 p.. International Conference on Mathematical Methods and Models in Biosciences, 2011-06-15/2011-06-18, Sofia (Bulgarie).

Anopheles mosquito is a vector responsible for the transmission of diseases like Malaria which a_ect many people. Hence its control is a major prevention strategy. Sterile Insect Technology (SIT) is a nonpolluting method of insect control that relies on the release of sterile males. Mating of the released sterile males with wild females leads to non hatching eggs. Thus, if sterile males are released in su_cient numbers or over a su_cient period of time, it can leads to the local reduction or elimination of the wild population. We study the e_ectiveness of the application of SIT for control of Anopheles mosquito via mathematical modeling. Our main result is that there exists a threshold release rate ^_ depending only on the basic o_spring number R and the wild mosquito equilibrium for males such that a release rate higher than ^_ results in elimination of the mosquito population irrespective of its initial size. A release rate _ which is lower than ^_ eliminates the mosquito populations only if it is su_ciently small. If the population is at the wild equilibrium it is reduced by a percentage depending on _ and R only.

Mots-clés : anopheles; lutte anti-insecte; modèle mathématique; stérilisation; dynamique des populations; malaria; paludisme

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