Publications des agents du Cirad


A comparative study to linking charcoal commodity chains and agroforestry systems in Kenya, Madagascar and Uganda

Montagne P., Sibelet N., Cheboiwo J.K., Mnason T.. 2009. In : Agroforestry, the future of global land use: Book of abstracts. Nairobi : WCA [Nairobi], p. 553-554. World Congress of Agroforestry. 2, 2009-08-23/2009-08-28, Nairobi (Kenya).

Climate change has the potential to alter the ability of the earth's physical and biological systems. Observations over Indian states such as Orissa, show that substantial adverse impacts of climate change are going to affect humanity in the form of extreme climatic events. Increasing demand for food and other agricultural goods will aggravate the pressure on agricultural lands. Farmers in Orissa, principally relying on marginalized rainfed mixed crop livestock systems, are likely to be the most severely impacted. This situation has been further aggravated with massive soil erosion, triggered by deforestation. With mangrove forests being cleared, more areas of Orissa have come under the effect of cyclones. There is an agreement that farmers in the agroforestry sector are learning to adapt to projected or actual changes of climate by making adjustments in cultural practices, processes, or structures of systems. All these adaptation strategies are of unplanned adaptation strategies and are subsistence in nature. Therefore, this paper aims at identifying appropriate long-term adaptation strategies in the agroforestry sector, by fostering the adaptive capacity of rural communities through adopting appropriate techniques and adapting their livelihoods, which will increase the resilience of agro-landscapes and improve capabilities to cope with future climate stress. It is expected that the work will also provide a possible roadmap and insights for the policy makers for adopting an appropriate policy for agroforestry and rural development with less energy-intensive strategies. It is also envisioned that the paper will bring out a few 'models of climate change adaptation in the forestry and agriculture sector', which could be effective in enabling the vulnerable rural communities of India to fight against climate change. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés : politique de développement; changement climatique; adaptation; changement technologique; agroforesterie; charbon de bois; ouganda; kenya; madagascar

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :