Publications des agents du Cirad


A diffusion model to predict spatial and temporal population dynamics of Rift valley fever vectors in Northern Senegal

Soti V., Tran A., Fontenille D., Lancelot R., Chevalier V., Thiongane Y., Degenne P., Lo Seen D., Bégué A., Guégan J.F.. 2010. In : International Conference EDEN 2010 : Emerging Vector-borne Diseases in a Changing European Environment, 10-12 May 2010, Montpellier, France. s.l. : s.n., p. 22-22. International Conference EDEN 2010, 2010-05-10/2010-05-12, Montpellier (France).

We have developed an explicit spatial and temporal model to predict the population dynamics and dispersal of the two main mosquito vector species (Aedes vexans and Culex poicilipes) involved in Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) transmission in Senegal (western Africa). Covering an area of 11x10 km around the village of Barkedji, and located in the Ferlo valley (Northern Senegal), the study area is characterized by a complex and dense network of water bodies and ponds that are filled by rainfall during the rainy season (from July to mid- October). These water bodies are known to be the principal mosquito breeding sites in the area. A spatial diffusion model (Raffy and Tran, 2005) is applied in combination with a vector population dynamic model (Soti et al., 2009), and which takes into account the hydrological conditions of the system (Soti et al., submitted). The vector population dynamic model has been more specifically derived from Porphyre et al. (2005). Daily mosquito abundance for each pond was fed into the spatial diffusion model to simulate the spread of vector populations around their breeding sites, taking into account the spatial distribution of night camps of the sensitive hosts (essentially small ruminants such as sheep) and the influence of the landscape variables (vegetation type and density) extracted from a Quickbird satellite image. We have validated the simulation results using apparent mosquito-abundance data collected during the 2002 and 2003 rainy seasons, using sheepbaited traps located at different distances from the ponds (Chevalier et al., 2004). This original approach will allow predicting how mosquitoes move and disperse spatially and temporally, such information being useful for orienting health protection measures towards areas of higher risk for RVF. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés : virus de la fièvre de la vallée du rift; modèle mathématique; modèle de simulation; dynamique des populations; vecteur de maladie; fièvre de la vallée du rift; sénégal

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :