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Effects of black leaf streak disease and sigatoka disease on fruit quality and maturation process of bananas produced in the subtropical conditions of southern Brazil

Castelan F.P., Saraiva L.A., Lange F., De Lapeyre de Bellaire L., Cordenunsi B.R., Chillet M.. 2012. Crop Protection, 35 (1) : p. 127-131.

DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2011.08.002

Banana fruits are harvested at the green-mature stage (pre-climacteric) in order to allow sufficient time for transport and marketing. The time between the harvest and the initiation of the natural ripening process is called green life (GL), which is closely correlated to physiological age. Sigatoka Disease (SD; also called yellow Sigatoka) and Black Leaf Streak Disease (BLSD; also called black Sigatoka) are the main foliar diseases affecting banana production. The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of these diseases on banana GL and postharvest behavior in subtropical conditions (southeastern Brazil). The results showed that both diseases shortened the banana's GL when compared to control bananas of the same physiological age. Moreover, fruits from infested plots showed higher values of CO2 (þ100% for SD and þ300% for BLSD) and C2H4 production (þ30% for SD and þ60% for BLSD) at the climacteric peak. BLSD caused 40% reduction in fruit weight. Fruits from plants with a high degree of SD or BLSD undergo an altered maturation process. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : banane; musa; musa acuminata; cercosporiose; mycosphaerella fijiensis; mycosphaerella musicola; qualité; mûrissage; maladie des raies noires; sao paulo; maladie de sigatoka

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