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The internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal RNA genes in plant trypanosomes (Phytomonas spp.) resolves 10 groups

Dollet M., Sturm N.R., Campbell D.A.. 2012. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 12 (2) : p. 299-308.

The distinction between plant trypanosomatids and opportunistic monoxenous insect trypanosomatids has not been demarcated clearly due to the mass placement of all trypanosomatids isolated from plants into the arbitrary genus Phytomonas spp. The advent of molecular markers has been useful in distinguishing plant trypanosomatids from the rest of the Trypanosomatidae family. Here we have examined the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) locus for classification purposes. This region contains two distinct ITSs flanked by the small subunit and large subunit of ribosomal RNA genes and separated by the 5.8S ribosomal RNA gene. Sequences within the 5.8S ribosomal RNA gene and in the ITS sequences can serve as specific markers for several of the Phytomonas groups. Microsatellite sequences were identified in Phytomonas spp. in both ITS regions. Several classes of microsatellites were seen, with inter-isolate variation that has potential for future use. Maximum Likelihood analysis of the ITS sequences of 20 Phytomonas isolates representing the eight defined groups and a few unclassified isolates revealed a total of 10 distinct subgroups within our collection, of which two are new. The ITS region, which includes the 5.8S sequence, is a robust marker for the subdivisions within the genus Phytomonas spp. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : plante; animal; marqueur génétique; séquence nucléotidique; elaeis guineensis; cocos nucifera; classification; taxonomie; pcr; latex; phloème; identification; microsatellite; phytomonas; trypanosoma

Thématique : Maladies des plantes

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