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Mathematical modeling of sterile insect technology for control of Anopheles mosquito

Anguelov R., Dumont Y., Lubuma J.. 2012. Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 64 (3) : p. 374-389.

DOI: 10.1016/j.camwa.2012.02.068

The Sterile Insect Technology (SIT) is a nonpolluting method of control of the invading insects that transmit disease. The method relies on the release of sterile or treated males in order to reduce the wild population of anopheles mosquito. We propose two mathematical models. The first model governs the dynamics of the anopheles mosquito. The second model, the SIT model, deals with the interaction between treated males and wild female anopheles. Using the theory of monotone operators, we obtain dynamical properties of a global nature that can be summarized as follows. Both models are dissipative dynamical systems on the positive cone . The value R=1 of the basic offspring number R is a forward bifurcation for the model of the anopheles mosquito, with the trivial equilibrium 0 being globally asymptotically stable (GAS) when R?1, whereas 0 becomes unstable and one stable equilibrium is born with well determined basins of attraction when R>1. For the SIT model, we obtain a threshold number of treated male mosquitoes above which the control of wild female mosquitoes is effective. That is, for the equilibrium 0 is GAS. When , the number of equilibria and their stability are described together with their precise basins of attraction. These theoretical results are rephrased in terms of possible strategies for the control of the anopheles mosquito and they are illustrated by numerical simulations.

Mots-clés : anopheles; stérilisation; contrôle de maladies; afrique du sud

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