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Perspectives on collaborative land use planning in Mamberamo raya regency, Papua, Indonesia : Case studies from Burmeso, Kwerba, Metaweja, Papasena, and Yoke

Padmanaba M., Boissière M., Ermayanti, Sumantri H., Achdiawan R.. 2012. Jakarta : CIFOR, 70 p..

This research is a collaboration between Conservation International (CI) Indonesia, the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), and the Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD) with funding from Agence Française pour le Développement (AFD) and has been implemented for two years since May 2010. The fieldwork was conducted in 6 villages in the jurisdiction of Mamberamo Raya Regency namely Burmeso, Yoke, Kwerba, Metaweja, and Papasena 1 and 2. Mamberamo was chosen because its 8 million hectare watershed contains a high level of biodiversity and a large number of plant and animal species endemic to Papua. It is also a designated low carbon development area. The research objective was to support the formulation of the land use plan through a participatory approach, taking into consideration local developmental needs as well as forest conservation. The methods used comprised interviews with key resource persons (village head, customary and clan leaders), focus group discussions (FGD), household and demographic surveys, participatory mapping and ground checks. Data was analyzed using SPSS, ArcGIS and Max QDA. The research objective also included developing current and future land use maps based on the perceptions of the local communities in the six research villages. However, information contained in the maps - especially related to village boundaries - needs to be corroborated with neighboring villages not included in the research. In addition to the maps, this research also provides information on the background of local communities (history of the villages, population, number of clansand groups, etc.) including the local perspectives on changes occurring in Mamberamo. We document how local perceptions compare with 10 years ago, what the local livelihoods are and how important the forest and natural resources are for fulfilling local people's needs. We also tried to understand how the local people guard and manage their natural resources and their territories, what activities and events endanger the forest and their livelihoods and how they cope with these perceived threats. Villagers have a diverse perspective on forest and natural resources including forest dynamics that are important for their livelihoods. Despite this diversity, all six villages agreed that forest is vital for their livelihoods. In Burmeso, to give an example, the villagers' perceptions are largely influenced by ongoing changes in-line with the development of a regency administrative capital. A comprehensive view of all six research sites has been summarized and compared with the perspectives of the local government authorities, i.e., the Public Services Units working on the regency's development planning. We would like to synergize and link ideas from the local government (Pemerintah Daerah, or Pemda) on land use planning with local community perceptions of the forest, natural resources, and traditional land use. We expect that the result of the discussions and negotiations between local government and local communities can be used for further development projects that would look at the financial, social, and ecological feasibility of a proposal related to infrastructure development (i.e., access to isolated villages). These issues were discussed in more detail during the final project workshop in Kasonaweja and could be discussed further with potential donors (AFD, USAID, Norway government)....

Mots-clés : utilisation des terres; développement rural; protection de la forêt; aménagement du territoire; gestion des ressources naturelles; participation communautaire; population rurale; sociologie; approches participatives; papouasie-nouvelle-guinée; indonésie; développement local

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