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Context and semantics in exchange networks

Martin P., Clouvel P.. 2012. In : 13th Congress of the International Society of Ethnobiology, Montpellier, France, 20-25 mai 2012. s.l. : s.n., p. 6-7. Congress of the International Society of Ethnobiology. 13, 2012-05-20/2012-05-25, Montpellier (France).

The NETSEED project deals with strengthening management of agro-biodiversity through social networks using an interdisciplinary method for analyzing how local seed systems impact the diversity of domesticated plants. The goal of the project is to study the structure of seed exchange networks among farmers, i.e. the fluxes of 'seeds' (generic term for all plant propagation vectors, including true seeds and vegetative propagules) and provide comprehensive models relating plant biodiversity to socio-cultural and geographic factors. The general question is to assess how SEEN structure - the significations, directions and intensities of seed fluxes among individuals or groups exchanging seeds, and the distribution of genealogical, socio-cultural or geographical distance among these individuals or social entities - impacts agro-biodiversity.The project gathers 12 datasets from 10 socio-ecological contexts (societies/countries) collected by different specialists from distinct disciplines: anthropology, ecology, ethnobiology, geography ... Producing a meta-analysis from the database supposes that a common collection method was adopted. Since this is not the case, the composition of databases requires the use Knowledge Management, i.e. methodologies and tools enabling a formal representation of knowledge in order to identify, create, represent and distribute insights and experiences in an organization, e.g. NETSEED. Referring to the distinction between Data, Information and Knowledge, the NETSEED datasets must be supplemented by a description of the study protocols to establish a link between Data and Knowledge. The semantic associated with the information has to be considered in the construction of this link. The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate the semantic distances between case studies described during the project workshops.

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