Publications des agents du Cirad


The organisation of farmers as an emancipatory factor:The setting up of a supply chain of cocoa in São Tomé

Dulcire M.. 2012. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 7 (2) : p. 131-141.

Few studies have examined the implementation and evolution development of a contract as a learning process for the actors involved. Individual farmers in São Tomé were obliged to organise themselves into a collective in response to a chocolate manufacturer's innovative proposal of an organic cocoa, fair trade contract. This relational construction between actors is a basis and guarantee of the contract's durability. We analyse how the relationship between the manufacturer and the farmers evolved, the technical and organisational impact on the farmers, and the farmers' future perspectives. Our aim is to further understanding of whether the establishment of such a collective cocoa contract may be a means of achieving autonomy. In other words, we explore whether it presents an answer to the question of producer emancipation. Keywords: cocoa, community, emancipation, farmers' organisation, innovation, learning process, partnership, São Tome. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : partenariat; industrie du cacao; agriculteur; communauté rurale; apprentissage; groupe d'intérêt; certification; contrat; produit biologique; innovation; chocolat; theobroma cacao; sao tomé-et-principe; filière agro-alimentaire

Thématique : Economie et politique du développement; Coopératives; Commerce, commercialisation et distribution

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