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Identifying live bird markets with the potential to act as reservoirs of avian influenza A (H5N1) virus: a survey in northern Viet Nam and Cambodia

Fournié G., Guitian J., Desvaux S., Mangtani P., Ly S., Vu Chi Cuong, Sorn S., Dung D.H., Holl D., Pfeiffer D.U., Vong S., Ghani A.C.. 2012. PloS One, 7 (6) : 8 p..

Wet markets are common in many parts of the world and may promote the emergence, spread and maintenance of livestock pathogens, including zoonoses. A survey was conducted in order to assess the potential of Vietnamese and Cambodian live bird markets (LBMs) to sustain circulation of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus subtype H5N1 (HPAIV H5N1). Thirty Vietnamese and 8 Cambodian LBMs were visited, and structured interviews were conducted with the market managers and 561 Vietnamese and 84 Cambodian traders. Multivariate and cluster analysis were used to construct a typology of traders based on their poultry management practices. As a result of those practices and large poultry surplus (unsold poultry reoffered for sale the following day), some poultry traders were shown to promote conditions favorable for perpetuating HPAIV H5N1 in LBMs. More than 80% of these traders operated in LBMs located in the most densely populated areas, Ha Noi and Phnom Penh. The profiles of sellers operating at a given LBM could be reliably predicted using basic information about the location and type of market. Consequently, LBMs with the largest combination of risk factors for becoming virus reservoirs could be easily identified, potentially allowing control strategies to be appropriately targeted. These findings are of particular relevance to resource-scarce settings with extensively developed LBM systems, commonly found in South-East Asia. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : enquête; transmission des maladies; identification; vecteur de maladie; commercialisation; volaille; oiseau; influenzavirus aviaire; cambodge; viet nam

Thématique : Organismes nuisibles des animaux; Maladies des animaux; Commerce, commercialisation et distribution

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