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Development of a village-level livelihood monitoring tool: A case-study in Viengkham District, Lao PDR

Belcher B., Bastide F., Castella J.C., Boissière M.. 2013. International Forestry Review, 15 (1) : p. 48-59.

L'utilisation d'une méthode appropriée de suivi-évaluation est indispensable aux processus de gestion adaptative. Pour cela, des outils plus performants de suivi-évaluation des moyens de subsistance sont requis. Un outil basé sur des indicateurs simples de moyens de subsistance a été développé et testé à l'échelle du village. Des méthodes participatives intègrant les perceptions et aspirations locales en Effective monitoring is a fundamental requirement for adaptive management. The need for better tools for monitoring livelihoods is particularly acute. A simple indicators-based livelihoods monitoring tool to be used at the village scale was developed and tested. Participatory methods were used to elicit local perceptions and aspirations about development and conservation. That information was used to develop a prototype set of indicators, organized using the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. Data were collected for the indicators in six villages to calibrate and test the tool. Indicators of financial and physical capital worked well. Social capital and natural capital were more difficult to capture with low-cost indicators. Most of the indicators are applicable in rural areas of the district and beyond. Despite some shortcomings, the tool shows good potential as a way to focus attention on key aspects of rural development and as a way to inform and facilitate discussion and negotiation between communities and other stakeholders. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : Étude de cas; indicateur de développement; Évaluation de projet; participation communautaire; village; population rurale; niveau de vie; conservation des ressources; développement rural; république démocratique populaire lao

Thématique : Economie et politique du développement; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale

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