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Innovative farm policies and their impact in a French frontier zone: reviving old conflicts in Guadeloupe (FWI)?

Dulcire M., Chia E.. 2012. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 9 (3-4) : p. 168-184.

Society now expects agriculture to fulfil new functions to improve quality of life. This requirement has been reinforced by recent crises. The 1999 French Agricultural Framework Law (LOA) formalised agricultural multifunctionality and included payments to farmers for new practices, which satisfy both social and environmental functions, in addition to economic ones. A voluntary territorial farm contract (CTE) sets out the respective commitments made by farmers and government services. In Guadeloupe (French West Indies, FWI), the recognition of agricultural multifunctionality challenges the export-and production-oriented agricultural models. Our research on the innovations that resulted from the CTEs has shown that the LOA was applied to these models in order to improve existing situations, contrary to the changes that were recommended. Paradoxically, however, the tensions between the requirements set out by the LOA and the actual achievements have helped improve the rural stakeholders' representation. Such tensions should help to reconcile development with agriculture's multifunctional nature, as well as satisfy society's expectations for sustainable rural development. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : environnement socioéconomique; fonction de production; service; organisation; apprentissage; développement rural; développement régional; contrat; gouvernance; politique de développement; politique agricole; agriculture; innovation; guadeloupe; multifonctionnalité; service environnemental

Thématique : Economie et politique du développement; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale

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