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Ectomycorrhizal diversity enhances growth and nitrogen fixation of Acacia mangium seedlings

Diagne N., Thioulouse J., Sanguin H., Prin Y., Krasova-Wade T., Sylla S., Galiana A., Baudoin E., Neyra M., Svistoonoff S., Lebrun M., Duponnois R.. 2013. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 57 : p. 468-476.

DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.08.030

Increasing interest has been given so far to the role of mycorrhizal symbiosis on plant diversity and ecosystem productivity. However much remains unknown about the effect of ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity on plant growth and rhizobial symbiosis. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of ectomycorrhizal diversity on root nodulation and plant nutrient uptake during plant growth. A gradient of ectomycorrhizal diversity was created (ranged from one to six fungal isolates) on Australian Acacia (Acacia mangium) seedlings grown on a phosphate-deficient soil in controlled conditions. The results clearly show (i) an enhancement of A. mangium growth due to ectomycorrhizal fungal inoculation, (ii) as well as significant effects of increasing ectomycorhizal diversity and soil ectomycorrhizal mycelium density on whole plant biomass and plant nutrient uptake. They also reveal an effect of ectomycorrhizal diversity effect on the functioning of the nitrogen-fixing symbiosis. These results emphasize the need to manage soil ectomycorrhizal potential (abundance and diversity of ectomycorrhizal mycelium) in forest management practices in order to optimize N2 fixation and seedling growth, leading thus to dramatic improvements in outplanting performances with fast-growing tree legumes on various reafforestation sites, more particularly in tropical and Mediterranean areas.

Mots-clés : acacia mangium; fixation de l'azote; mycorhizé; nodosité racinaire; croissance; biodiversité; ectomycorhize

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