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Major physicochemical and antioxidant changes during peach-palm (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.) flour processing

Rojas-Garbanzo C., Pérez A.M., Pineda Castro M.L., Vaillant F.. 2012. Fruits, 67 (6) : p. 415-427.

Introduction. Several studies have demonstrated that food processing affects nutrients such as bioactive compounds, protein, starch, fat, fiber, minerals and antioxidant capacity. Our study examined how heat changes the physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of peach-palm fruit (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.) during flour production. Materials and methods. Five commercial batches of fruit were assessed for total contents of phenolic compounds and carotenoids, and hydrophilic oxygen radical absorbance capacity (H-ORAC). The fruit was then cooked and eventually processed into flour. Results and discussion. No significant changes were found for contents of fat, protein, starch and dietary fiber during flour production. Cooked peach-palm fruit is a source of Mg, Mn, Cu and K, with 100 g of fruit containing between 5% and 13.5% of the recommended daily intake. Cooking also increased carotenoids by 17%, thus helping to compensate for the 28% loss during drying. No stage of processing affected polyphenol contents or H-ORAC. Conclusion. Because of its high bioactive compound content, peach-palm flour shows potential for use in the development of functional foods. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : aliment santé pour homme; caroténoïde; antioxydant; composé phénolique; séchage; cuisson; traitement thermique; propriété physicochimique; composition globale; farine non céréalière; fruits; bactris gasipaes; costa rica

Thématique : Composition des produits alimentaires; Traitement et conservation des produits alimentaires

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