Publications des agents du Cirad


Major physicochemical and antioxidant changes during peach-palm (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.) flour processing

Rojas-Garbanzo C., Pérez A.M., Pineda Castro M.L., Vaillant F.. 2012. Fruits, 67 (6) : p. 415-427.

DOI: 10.1051/fruits/2012035

Introduction. Several studies have demonstrated that food processing affects nutrients such as bioactive compounds, protein, starch, fat, fiber, minerals and antioxidant capacity. Our study examined how heat changes the physicochemical composition and antioxidant capacity of peach-palm fruit (Bactris gasipaes H.B.K.) during flour production. Materials and methods. Five commercial batches of fruit were assessed for total contents of phenolic compounds and carotenoids, and hydrophilic oxygen radical absorbance capacity (H-ORAC). The fruit was then cooked and eventually processed into flour. Results and discussion. No significant changes were found for contents of fat, protein, starch and dietary fiber during flour production. Cooked peach-palm fruit is a source of Mg, Mn, Cu and K, with 100 g of fruit containing between 5% and 13.5% of the recommended daily intake. Cooking also increased carotenoids by 17%, thus helping to compensate for the 28% loss during drying. No stage of processing affected polyphenol contents or H-ORAC. Conclusion. Because of its high bioactive compound content, peach-palm flour shows potential for use in the development of functional foods.

Mots-clés : bactris gasipaes; fruits; farine non céréalière; composition globale; propriété physicochimique; traitement thermique; cuisson; séchage; composé phénolique; antioxydant; caroténoïde; aliment santé pour homme; costa rica

Documents associés

Article (a-revue à facteur d'impact)

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :