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Fighting cocks: risk for the Caribbean regarding avian influenza and Newcastle disease

Laurent M., Bournez L., Delgado A., Mondésir M., Shaw J., Lefrançois T., Pradel J., Ai W.G., Trotman M.. 2012. In : 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics : Book of abstracts. Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers, p. 276-276. International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics. 13, 2012-08-20/2012-08-24, Maastricht (Pays-Bas).

Cockfighting is an important tradition in many Caribbean countries and territories, with the legal status of cockfights varying by country. Uncontrolled movement of poultry may represent an important route for pathogen introduction and spread. The Caribbean Animal Health Network (CaribVET) conducted a survey in order to assess the risk of circulation of Avian Influenza (AI) and Newcastle disease (ND) through movement of fighting cocks. Potential risk pathways were identified by the CaribVET Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease Working Group. A questionnaire was designed and sent to the 32 Chief Veterinary Officers of the Caribbean while additional information was collected through interviews with bird owners, breeders and fighting pit owners in five countries. Data analysis aims to: (1) improve the knowledge on gamecocks and understand activities carried out in the Caribbean, especially: the legal status of cockfighting, disease surveillance and control within the fighting cock population, as well as biosecurity measures; (2) assess the likelihood of contact between fighting cocks and commercial poultry in the countries/territories; (3) assess countries/territories' risk profiles based on the above-mentioned results. The movement patterns of fighting cocks were studied in order to identify pivotal countries/territories where increased surveillance for AI and ND may be warranted. Preliminary results show that almost all Caribbean countries/territories, as well as the American continent and Europe, are connected, either directly or indirectly. These results are being used for the development of adapted awareness campaigns for basic bird health and management and avian disease prevention and surveillance, in participating Caribbean countries/territories. (Texte intégral)

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