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Revisiting the specificity of PCR primers for diagnostics of Xanthomonas citri pv. citri by experimental and in silico analyses

Delcourt S., Vernière C., Boyer C., Pruvost O., Hostachy B., Robène-Soustrade I.. 2013. Plant Disease, 97 (3) : p. 373-378.

Asiatic citrus canker disease, caused by Xanthomonas citri pv. citri, seriously impacts citrus production worldwide. Two pathogenic variants, A and A*/Aw, have been described within this pathovar. Two additional pathovars of X. citri with a limited geographic distribution and reduced pathogenicity, namely X. citri pvs. aurantifolii and bilvae, are also pathogenic to citrus and some rutaceous species. Rapid and reliable identification is required for these citrus pathogens, which are classified as a quarantine organism in citrus-producing countries. The specificity of nine polymerase chain reaction primers previously designed for the identification of X. citri pv. citri or citrus bacterial canker strains (both pvs. citri and aurantifolii) was assayed on a large strain collection (n = 87), including the two pathotypes of X. citri pv. citri, other genetic related or unrelated pathogenic xanthomonads, and saprophytic xanthomonads. This study gave congruent results with the original articles when testing the same strains or pathovars but the use of a broad inclusivity and exclusivity panel of strains highlighted new findings. Particularly, primers 2/3, 4/7, and KingF/R failed to provide amplification for three strains from the pathotype A*/Aw. Moreover, all pairs of primers detected at least one non-target strain. These data were supported by in silico analysis of the DNA sequences available from National Center for Biotechnology Information databases. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : pathotype; distribution géographique; identification; pcr; citrus; xanthomonas campestris citri; xanthomonas citri pv citri

Thématique : Maladies des plantes; Méthodes de relevé

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