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Genomic selection in small populations with reduced effective size: example of oil palm

Cros D., Denis M., Sanchez L., Cochard B., Durand-Gasselin T., Bouvet J.M.. 2012. In : Tree Breeding, Genomics and Evolutionary Biology: New synergies to tackle the impact of climate change in the 21st century : Final Conference and Workshops of Noveltree Project, Helsinki and Vantaa, Finland, 6th-18th October 2012. s.l. : s.n., 1 p.. Final Conference and Workshops of Noveltree Project, 2012-10-16/2012-10-18, Helsinki (Finlande).

Genomic selection is expected to increase genetic gain per unit time in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) but currently only simulation results exist (Wong and Bernardo 2008). We applied cross-validation on real data of progeny-tested individuals to estimate the accuracy of genomic selection in oil palm. This study used the largest dataset of estimated breeding values reported in oil palm breeding. It included two breeding populations of 100 and 130 individuals, genotyped with 200 SSR and phenotyped for five traits with a wide range of heritability. Deregressed estimated breeding values were used as observations in a weighted analysis to derive genomic estimated breeding values (Garrick et al. 2009). Two strategies were used for sampling training populations: within population structure based on Kmeans clustering (Saatchi et al. 2011) and across population structure. Several statistical methods were compared. The accuracy of genomic selection was estimated in the test population. Our results will be valuable for all breeding programs where populations are small and have a very small effective size.

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