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Nationwide inventory of mosquito biodiversity (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium, Europe

Versteirt V., Boyer S., Damiens D., De Clercq E.M., Dekoninck W., Ducheyne E., Grootaert P., Garros C., Hance T., Hendrickx G., Goosemans M., Van Bortel W.. 2013. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 103 (2) : p. 193-203.

To advance our restricted knowledge on mosquito biodiversity and distribution in Belgium, a national inventory started in 2007 (MODIRISK) based on a random selection of 936 collection points in three main environmental types: urban, rural and natural areas. Additionally, 64 sites were selected because of the risk of importing a vector or pathogen in these sites. Each site was sampled once between May and October 2007 and once in 2008 using Mosquito Magnet Liberty Plus traps. Diversity in pre-defined habitat types was calculated using three indices. The association between species and environmental types was assessed using a correspondence analysis. Twenty-three mosquito species belonging to traditionally recognized genera were found, including 21 indigenous and two exotic species. Highest species diversity (Simpson 0.765) and species richness (20 species) was observed in natural areas, although urban sites scored also well (Simpson 0.476, 16 species). Four clusters could be distinguished based on the correspondence analysis. The first one is related to human modified landscapes (such as urban, rural and industrial sites). A second is composed of species not associated with a specific habitat type, including the now widely distributed Anopheles plumbeus. A third group includes species commonly found in restored natural or bird migration areas, and a fourth cluster is composed of forest species. Outcomes of this study demonstrate the effectiveness of the designed sampling scheme and support the choice of the trap type. Obtained results of this first country-wide inventory of the Culicidae in Belgium may serve as a basis for risk assessment of emerging mosquito-borne diseases. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : zone rurale; zone urbaine; paysage; habitat; surveillance épidémiologique; maladie des animaux; vecteur de maladie; dynamique des populations; enquête; biodiversité; culicidae; culicoides; belgique; Émergence

Thématique : Organismes nuisibles des animaux; Taxonomie et géographie animales; Maladies des animaux

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