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Tick control practices in Burkina Faso and acaricide resistance survey in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) geigyi (Acari: Ixodidae)

Adakal H., Stachurski F., Chevillon C.. 2013. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 59 (4) : p. 483-491.

DOI: 10.1007/s10493-012-9610-5

Traditional systems account for 95 % of the livestock produced in Burkina Faso. Tick infestation hampers livestock productivity in this area. However, little information exists on tick-control practices used by livestock farmers. We interviewed 60 stockbreeders working in traditional farming systems to obtain the first data on tick-control practices. Sixteen farmers (27 %) did not use conventional practices: seven removed ticks by hand or plastered cattle with dung or engine oil; nine farmers treated cattle with crop pesticides. Forty-four farmers (73 %) used mainly synthetic pyrethroids (SP; either alphacypermethrin or deltamethrin in 20 and 18 farms, respectively) and occasionally amitraz (N = 6). Intervals between treatments varied significantly depending on the chemical used: most farmers using crop pesticides (100 %), amitraz (100 %) or alphacypermethrin (80 %) adjusted tick-control to tick-burden, whereas farmers using deltamethrin tended more to follow a tick-control schedule. Perception of tick-control effectiveness significantly varied among practices: tick-control failures were more frequently reported by farmers using alphacypermethrin (55 %) than by those using either other conventional acaricides (17 %) or crop pesticides (0 %). We investigated whether this could indicate actual development of SP-resistance in cattle ticks. First, using the larval packet test technique, we confirmed that the computation of LC50 and LC90 was repeatable and remained stable across generations of the Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) geigyi Hounde´ laboratory strain. We then collected from the field fully-engorged female R. geigyi to evaluate the SP-resistance relative to the Hounde´ reference strain. We did not detect any case of SP-resistance in the field-derived R. geigyi ticks.

Mots-clés : boophilus; rhipicephalus; méthode de lutte; enquête sur exploitations agricoles; enquête organismes nuisibles; pyréthrine; amitraze; pyréthrine de syntèse; pesticide; deltaméthrine; bovin; résistance aux pesticides; burkina faso; boophilus geigy

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