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Elements for a foresight debate on food sustainability

Ronzon T., Paillard S., Chemineau P., Aubry C., Bricas N., Colonna P., Esnouf C., Fournier S., Guyomard H., Hébel P., Hirschler J., Joly C., Laisney C., Maire B., Lambert J.L., Le Perchec S., Pernin C., Pujol J.L., Redlingshöfer B., Réquillart V., Russel M., Vindel B.. 2013. In : Esnouf Catherine (ed.), Russel Marie (ed.), Bricas Nicolas (ed.). Food system sustainability : Insights from duALIne. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, p. 176-197.

Regional and global food systems are constantly evolving, thus the contextual elements presented in Chapter 1 are likely to evolve, and food systems will be transformed. Because it is impossible to predict the food systems of tomorrow, we have adopted a foresight approach in order to try and understand possible future changes. Our approach, which is presented in the first part of this chapter, has therefore mainly been based on identitying the main drivers of the transformation of food systems. This work was the fruit of collective discussions by a multidisciplinary group made up of sorne 15 experts. The plurality of their views and their are as of competence allowed them to analyse the potential impacts of the different evolutions identified relative to the sustainability of food systems in terms of their nutritional, economie, social, cultural, environmental and territorial dimensions. This step of the analysis also enabled us to highlight a certain number of points at issue, which are presented in the second part of the chapter; this does not end with a presentation of different scenarios (as might have be en expected), but conclu des with the three transversal messages arising from debate by this workshop: issues linked to inequalities ofaccess to food, territorial dynamics and the govemance of food systems.

Mots-clés : alimentation humaine; durabilité; produit alimentaire; analyse de système; comportement alimentaire; consommation alimentaire; production alimentaire; urbanisation; démographie; circuit de commercialisation; secteur agroindustriel; crise économique; stabilisation des prix; Émigration; environnement socioculturel; environnement socioéconomique; secteur informel; niveau de vie; pays en développement; pays développé

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