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Climate variability and outbreaks of infectious diseases in Europe

Morand S., Owers K., Waret-Szkuta A., McIntyre K.M., Baylis M.. 2013. Scientific Reports, 3 (1774) : 6 p..

Several studies provide evidence of a link between vector-borne disease outbreaks and El Niño driven climate anomalies. Less investigated are the effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). Here, we test its impact on outbreak occurrences of 13 infectious diseases over Europe during the last fifty years, controlling for potential bias due to increased surveillance and detection. NAO variation statistically influenced the outbreak occurrence of eleven of the infectious diseases. Seven diseases were associated with winter NAO positive phases in northern Europe, and therefore with above-average temperatures and precipitation. Two diseases were associated with the summer or spring NAO negative phases in northern Europe, and therefore with below-average temperatures and precipitation. Two diseases were associated with summer positive or negative NAO phases in southern Mediterranean countries. These findings suggest that there is potential for developing early warning systems, based on climatic variation information, for improved outbreak control and management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : maladie des animaux; maladie de l'homme; changement climatique; tempête; facteur climatique; système d'alerte rapide; maladie transmise par vecteur; maladie infectieuse; surveillance épidémiologique; europe

Thématique : Maladies des animaux; Sciences et hygiène vétérinaires : considérations générales; Météorologie et climatologie; Autres thèmes

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