Publications des agents du Cirad


Paleoploidization events in the Musa (banana) lineage

Garsmeur O., Denoeud F., Baurens F.C., Aury J.M., Wincker P., D'Hont A.. 2013. In : Polyploïde et cytogénétique, Rennes, France, 16-17 mai 2013. s.l. : s.n., 1 p.. Polyploïdie et cytogénétique, 2013-05-16/2013-05-17, Rennes (France).

Bananas (Musa spp.) are giant perennial monocotyledonous herbs of the order Zingiberales, a sister group to the well-studied Poales. Cultivars are mainly triploid, from inter(sub)specific origin and clonally propagated. We sequenced the genome of a Musa acuminata doubled-haploid genotype (Pahang-HD) providing the first monocotyledon high-continuity whole-genome sequence reported outside Poales. The analysis of the genome revealed three rounds of whole genome duplications (WGD), denoted as alpha, beta and gamma (from the most recent event to the oldest). Based on Ks analyses and synteny relationships, twelve beta Musa ancestral blocks were constructed, representing the ancestral genome before alpha and beta duplications. Comparative genomics and phylogenetic approaches revealed that these three WGDs occurred in the Musa lineage independently of those described in the Poales lineage and the one that we detected in the Arecales lineage. Following WGDs, that are particularly frequent in the flowering plant lineages, most duplicated genes are deleted by intrachromosomal recombination, a process referred to as fractionation. We are currently analyzing the fractionation pattern following the Musa polyploidization events. Finally, this Musa reference sequence represents an invaluable reference for studying monocot evolution and associated genomic changes.

Documents associés

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :