Publications des agents du Cirad


Rainfed food crops in West and Central Africa : Points for analysis and proposals for action

Uhder C., Ahmadi N., Asiedu E.A., Baris P., Boirard H., Bricas N., Cruz J.F., Dabat M.H., Demay S., De Raïssac M., Djamen P., Drabo I., Dugué P., Faivre Dupaigre B., Fatakuchi K., Fatunbi W., Fliedel G., Fok M., Gedil M., Gueye M.C., Gueye M.T., Hocdé H., Konaté G., Lançon J., Maraux F., Papazian V., Remy P., Roy-Macauley H., Sanfo D., Sanou J., Sedogo M.P., Simon D., Sossou C.H., Thirion M.C., Traoré O., Gué-Traoré J., Trouche G., Vernier P., Vognan G., Yagoua N.K.D., Zohouri P.G., Zoungrana B.. 2013. Paris : AFD, 186 p.. (A savoir : AFD, 6).

Présentation de l'éditeur : The rise in world agricultural prices in 2008 revealed the fragility of food security in many developing countries. Poor populations in sub-Saharan Africa are the biggest victims of this fragility. Rainfed food crops can play a unique role on the continent by supplying regional markets, increasing farmers' incomes, and creating jobs in rural areas. Working within the framework of the regional dynamics launched in West and Central Africa, AFD, CIRAD and IFAD initiated three studies to (i) map the food crop production and consumption areas in the zone, (ii) identify the contributions of research on these supply chains, and (iii) analyze food crop project practices. This book summarizes this research, accomplished with African research and regional expertise centers (AGRHYMET, WECARD). It reports on current knowledge of the main food crop supply chains in the region: rice, corn, cassava, millet-sorghum, yam, groundnut and cowpea. Other areas remain to be explored to strengthen existing dynamics: how can intermediation professions be supported? How can a regional approach to these supply chains be developed so as to disseminate best practices, expand markets and foster synergy? What role in supporting these supply chains could be (re)assigned to research? How can the financing constraint, which is present throughout the supply chain, be overcome? This book aims to provide keys to decipher supply chain operations and the challenges facing food crop supply chains in this region. Contents: Overview / Synthèse. Background. Part 1. Supply chains and production areas. 1. Production dynamics. 1.1. A threefold increase in grain production. 1.2. A threefold increase in the production of roots and tubers. 1.3. Oilseed production lagging behind booming demand. 1.4. Legume crops making inroads? 1.5. Rising but insufficient food availability. 2. Consumption dynamics. 2.1. Two main diet types. 2.2. A preponderance of rural consumption and self-consumption. 2.3. Rapid growth of urban markets. 3. Supply chain analysis. 3.1. The rice supply chain. 3.2. The corn supply chain. 3.3. The cassava supply chain. 3.4. The millet-sorghum supply chain. 3.5. The yam supply chain. 3.6. The groundnut and cowpea supply chains. 4. Crosscutting observations. 4.1. Integrate interactions between supply chains and cropping systems. 4.2. Adopt a regional approach to production areas. 4.3. Which stakeholders should be favored? 4.4. Concluding remarks. Part 2. On the interest of a supply chain approach. 5. Strengthen intermediation between agricultural production and food demand. 5.1. A sector composed mostly of very small enterprises. 5.2. Ways to strengthen agrifood processing activities. 6. Foster an enabling environment. 6.1. Actions on the regional level. 6.2. Actions in partnership with the state. Part 3. A few best practices. 7. Finance supply chain operations. 7.1. Finance inputs. 7.2. Seasonal finance: the example of PACCEM in Mali. 7.3. Finance marketing. 7.4. Finance agricultural investment. 7.5. Improve the credit environment. 7.6. Link credit and marketing. 8. Promote technical innovations and strengthen agricultural research. 8.1. A few examples. 8.2. The limits of projects focusing on technical innovation. 8.3. No "Quick fix". 8.4. Adapt technologies to the local environment. 8.5. Take dynamics into account and support them. 8.6. The determining factors in innovation processes. 8.7. Support structure for supply chain stakeholders. 9. Crosscutting observations. 9.1. Favor program success criteria. 9.2. Improve information systems. 9.3. Agreements among technical and financial partners. Conclusion. Appendices. Appendix 1. Characteristics of the rice demand by country. Appendix 2. Price stabilization policies based on origin. Appendix 3. Model analysis grid. Appendix 4. Sources of information (partial list). Appendix 5. Comparative analysis of the competitiveness of Nigeria, Brazil and Thailand in cassava, corn and rice produc...

Mots-clés : politique de développement; plante alimentaire; culture pluviale; sécurité alimentaire; donnée de production; consommation alimentaire; commercialisation; marché; zone urbaine; zone rurale; disponibilité alimentaire; céréale; légume racine; légumineuse; plante oléagineuse; zea mays; niébé; oryza sativa; arachis hypogaea; pennisetum glaucum; sorghum bicolor; manihot esculenta; dioscorea; vigna unguiculata; afrique occidentale; afrique centrale; tchad; cameroun; filière; mil; filière agro-alimentaire; culture vivrière

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