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Black leaf streak disease affects starch metabolism in banana fruit

De Amorim Saraiva L., Castelan F.P., Shitakubo R., Mariko Aymoto Hassimotto N., Purgatto E., Chillet M., Cordenunsi B.R.. 2013. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61 (23) : p. 5582-5589.

Black leaf streak disease (BLSD), also known as black sigatoka, represents the main foliar disease in Brazilian banana plantations. In addition to photosynthetic leaf area losses and yield losses, this disease causes an alteration in the pre- and postharvest behavior of the fruit. The aim of this work was to investigate the starch metabolism of fruits during fruit ripening from plants infected with BLSD by evaluating carbohydrate content (i.e., starch, soluble sugars, oligosaccharides, amylose), phenolic compound content, phytohormones, enzymatic activities (i.e., starch phosphorylases, alpha- and beta-amylase), and starch granules. The results indicated that the starch metabolism in banana fruit ripening is affected by BLSD infection. Fruit from infested plots contained unusual amounts of soluble sugars in the green stage and smaller starch granules and showed a different pattern of superficial degradation. Enzymatic activities linked to starch degradation were also altered by the disease. Moreover, the levels of indole-acetic acid and phenolic compounds indicated an advanced fruit physiological age for fruits from infested plots. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : maladie des raies noires; activité enzymatique; composé phénolique; teneur en glucides; aia; composition chimique; mûrissage; banane; fruit; métabolisme des glucides; amidon; mycosphaerella musicola; mycosphaerella fijiensis; cercosporiose; musa acuminata; sao paulo; maladie de sigatoka

Thématique : Composition des produits alimentaires; Maladies des plantes; Physiologie et biochimie végétales

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