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A repellent net as a new technology to protect cabbage crops

Martin T., Palix R., Kamal A., Deletre E., Bonafos R., Simon S., Ngouajio M.. 2013. Journal of Economic Entomology, 106 (4) : p. 1699-1706.

Floating row covers or insect-proof nets with Þne mesh are effective at protecting vegetable crops against aphids but negatively impact plant health, especially under warm conditions. Furthermore, in control of cabbage insect pests, aphid parasitoids cannot enter the Þne-mesh nets, leading to frequent aphid outbreaks. To surmount these difÞculties, a 40-mesh-size repellent net treated with alphacypermethrin was studied in laboratory and Þeld tests. Results showed both irritant and repellent effects of the alphacypermethrin-treated net on Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and its parasitoid Aphidius colemani (Haliday) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Under Þeld conditions, there were no pests on cabbage protected with the repellent net. The repellent net allowed combining a visual and repellent barrier against aphids. Because of this additive effect, repellent nets allowed covering cabbage permanently with adequate protection against all pests. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : lipaphis erysimi; aphidius colemani; aphidius; plutella xylostella; lipaphis; brevicoryne brassicae; myzus persicae; méthode de lutte; lutte anti-insecte; lutte biologique; protection des plantes; brassica; cyperméthrine; Écran de protection

Thématique : Ravageurs des plantes

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