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Coumarin and furanocoumarin quantitation in citrus peel via ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)

Dugrand A., Olry A., Duval T., Hehn A., Froelicher Y., Bourgaud F.. 2013. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61 (45) : p. 10677-10684.

Coumarins and furanocoumarins are secondary metabolites commonly found in citrus plants. These molecules are allelochemical compounds in plants that have controversial effects on humans, such as phototoxicity and the commonly described interactions with drugs, referred to as the "grapefruit juice effect". Thus, it is important to develop a reliable method to identify and quantitate the coumarins and furanocoumarins in citrus extracts. For this purpose, we herein describe an ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)-based method. We first developed a rapid UPLC method (20 min) to separate the isomers of each furanocoumarin. A subsequent single ion monitoring MS detection method was performed to distinguish between the molecules, which were possibly coeluting but had different molecular weights. The method was successfully used to separate and quantitate 6 coumarins and 21 furanocoumarins in variable amounts within peel extracts (flavedo and albedo) of 6 varieties of Citrus (sweet orange, lemon, grapefruit, bergamot, pummelo, and clementine). This method combines high selectivity and sensitivity in a rapid analysis and is useful for fingerprinting Citrus species via their coumarin and furanocoumarin contents. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : substance toxique; hplc; spectrométrie de masse; analyse quantitative; technique analytique; variété; coumarine; composé aromatique; citrus; citron; pelure; corse; furanocoumarine

Thématique : Composition des produits alimentaires; Physiologie et biochimie végétales; Méthodes de relevé; Contamination et toxicologie alimentaires

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