Publications des agents du Cirad


Coumarin and furanocoumarin quantitation in citrus peel via ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)

Dugrand A., Olry A., Duval T., Hehn A., Froelicher Y., Bourgaud F.. 2013. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61 (45) : p. 10677-10684.

DOI: 10.1021/jf402763t

Coumarins and furanocoumarins are secondary metabolites commonly found in citrus plants. These molecules are allelochemical compounds in plants that have controversial effects on humans, such as phototoxicity and the commonly described interactions with drugs, referred to as the "grapefruit juice effect". Thus, it is important to develop a reliable method to identify and quantitate the coumarins and furanocoumarins in citrus extracts. For this purpose, we herein describe an ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)-based method. We first developed a rapid UPLC method (20 min) to separate the isomers of each furanocoumarin. A subsequent single ion monitoring MS detection method was performed to distinguish between the molecules, which were possibly coeluting but had different molecular weights. The method was successfully used to separate and quantitate 6 coumarins and 21 furanocoumarins in variable amounts within peel extracts (flavedo and albedo) of 6 varieties of Citrus (sweet orange, lemon, grapefruit, bergamot, pummelo, and clementine). This method combines high selectivity and sensitivity in a rapid analysis and is useful for fingerprinting Citrus species via their coumarin and furanocoumarin contents.

Mots-clés : pelure; citron; citrus; composé aromatique; coumarine; variété; technique analytique; analyse quantitative; spectrométrie de masse; hplc; substance toxique; corse; france; furanocoumarine

Documents associés

Article (a-revue à facteur d'impact)

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :