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Towards a better understanding of Rift Valley fever epidemiology in the south-west of the Indian Ocean

Balenghien T., Cardinale E., Chevalier V., Elissa N., Failloux A.B., Nipomichene T.N.J.J., Nicolas G., Rakotoharinome V.M., Roger M., Zumbo B.. 2013. Veterinary Research, 44 (78) : 10 p..

DOI: 10.1186/1297-9716-44-78

Rift Valley fever virus (Phlebovirus, Bunyaviridae) is an arbovirus causing intermittent epizootics and sporadic epidemics primarily in East Africa. Infection causes severe and often fatal illness in young sheep, goats and cattle. Domestic animals and humans can be contaminated by close contact with infectious tissues or through mosquito infectious bites. Rift Valley fever virus was historically restricted to sub-Saharan countries. The probability of Rift Valley fever emerging in virgin areas is likely to be increasing. Its geographical range has extended over the past years. As a recent example, autochthonous cases of Rift Valley fever were recorded in 2007-2008 in Mayotte in the Indian Ocean. It has been proposed that a single infected animal that enters a naive country is sufficient to initiate a major outbreak before Rift Valley fever virus would ever be detected. Unless vaccines are available and widely used to limit its expansion, Rift Valley fever will continue to be a critical issue for human and animal health in the region of the Indian Ocean.

Mots-clés : virus de la fièvre de la vallée du rift; Épidémiologie; culicidae; vecteur de maladie; surveillance épidémiologique; gestion du risque; contrôle de maladies; ruminant; genre humain; relation hôte pathogène; prévention des maladies; fièvre de la vallée du rift; afrique; océan indien; mayotte; réunion; madagascar; comores; france

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