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Dual enzymatic activity of the pathogenesisrelated protein TcPR-4 from Theobroma cacao: ribonuclease and Ca+2 and Mg+2 dependent deoxyribonuclease activities

Menezes S.P., Silva E.M.A., Lima E.M., Gramacho K.P., Pirovani C.P., Gesteira A.S., Micheli F.. 2013. In : SBG. Resumos do 59° Congresso Brasileiro de Genética,16 a 19 de Setembro de 2013, Águas de Lindóia, Brasil. s.l. : s.n., p. 120-120. Congresso Brasileiro de Genética. 59, 2013-09-16/2013-09-19, Aguas de Lindoia (Brésil).

The class 4 pathogenesis-related proteins (PR4) are classified as chitinases and contain a conserved Barwin domain. The TcPR-4b cDNA identified from a library of Theobroma cacao L. pod (genotype TSH1188) infected by Moniliophthora perniciosa also presents the Barwin domain with six conserved cysteine residues, but lacks the chitin-binding site and for this reason was classified as class II PR4. The TcPR-4b gene was cloned into pET28a and the resulting in frame fusion plasmid was used to transform Escherichia coli Roseta (DE3) for protein expression. The expression of the TcPR-4b recombinant protein was induced by 0.4 mM isopropyl-?-D-thio-galactoside and purified by immobilized metal affinity chromatography with TALON® Metal Affinity Resin. To determine the DNase activity of the purified recombinant TcPR-4b protein, 1 ?g of purified pGEM-T® Easy Vector DNA was incubated with different protein amounts (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20 ?g) in the presence or absence of 10 mM of MgCl2 or 1 mM of CaCl2 overnight at room temperature. RNase activity of recombinant TcPR-4b was performed using different protein amounts (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 ?g) incubated for 30 min with 5 ?g of RNA extracted from Solanum lycopersicum leaves. The reaction products were analyzed in 1.5% agarose electrophoresis gel. The TcPR-4b protein recombinant showed both DNase and RNase activity. DNase activity was observed only in the presence of Mg+2 and Ca+2 ions. The results of this study suggest that TcPR-4b may act as nuclease during the infection of cacao plants with M. perniciosa. Financial Support: CNPq, BNB, FINEP/RENORBIO, CAPES.

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