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Participatory analysis for adaptation to climate change in Mediterranean agricultural systems: possible choices in process design

Faysse N., Rinaudo J.D., Bento S., Richard-Ferroudji A., Errahj M., Varanda M., Imache A., Dionnet M., Rollin D., Garin P., Kuper M., Maton L., Montginoul M.. 2014. Regional Environmental Change, 14 (1) : p. 57-70.

There is an increasing call for local measures to adapt to climate change, based on foresight analyses in col- laboration with actors. However, such analyses involve many challenges, particularly because the actors concerned may not consider climate change to be an urgent concern. This paper examines the methodological choices made by three research teams in the design and implementation of participatory foresight analyses to explore agricultural and water manage- ment options for adaptation to climate change. Case studies were conducted in coastal areas of France, Morocco, and Portugal where the groundwater is intensively used for irrigation, the aquifers are at risk or are currently overex- ploited, and a serious agricultural crisis is underway. When designing the participatory processes, the researchers had to address four main issues: whether to avoid or prepare dialogue between actors whose relations may be limited or tense; how to select participants and get them involved; how to facilitate discussion of issues that the actors may not initially consider to be of great concern; and finally, how to design and use scenarios. In each case, most of the invited actors responded and met to discuss and evaluate a series of scenarios. Strate- gies were discussed at different levels, from farming practices to aquifer management. It was shown that such participatory analyses can be implemented in situations which may initially appear to be unfavourable. This was made possible by the flexibility in the methodological choices, in particular the possibility of framing the climate change issue in a broader agenda for discussion with the actors. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : approches participatives; adaptation aux changements climatiques; gestion des ressources; irrigation; agriculteur; participation; méthodologie; eau souterraine; gestion des eaux; Étude de cas; agriculture; adaptation; changement climatique; maroc; portugal; france

Thématique : Ressources en eau et leur gestion; Méthodes de recherche; Météorologie et climatologie; Irrigation; Systèmes et modes de culture

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