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Identification of a genetic lineage within Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis as the causal agent of vertical oozing canker of Persian (English) walnut in France

Hajri A., Meyer D., Delort F., Guillaumès J., Brin C., Manceau C.. 2010. Plant Pathology, 59 (6) : p. 1014-1022.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02362.x

A new bacterial disease of Persian (English) walnut (Juglans regia) has been observed in France. This disease, called vertical oozing canker (VOC), is characterized by vertical cankers on trunks and branches of affected walnut trees with oozing exudates. To determine the aetiology of the disease, a study was carried out in 79 walnut orchards and nurseries located in southeastern and southwestern France. Bacterial analysis from diseased samples yielded 36 strains identified as Xanthomonas arboricola and 32 strains identified as Brenneria nigrifluens on the basis of biochemical tests. The causal agent of VOC was identified as X. arboricola by pathogenicity tests on walnut. Fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (F-AFLP) was carried out on 36 strains ofX. arboricola collected in this study, 24 strains of X. arboricola pv. juglandis isolated from walnut blight symptoms and one strain of X. arboricola pv. corylina included as an outgroup. Based on cluster analysis of F-AFLP data,most X. arboricola strains responsible formain VOCoutbreaks showed a high degree of similarity, forming a cluster clearly separate from strains of X. arboricola pv. juglandis isolated from walnut blight symptoms. It is suggested that VOC is caused by a distinct genetic lineage within the pathovar juglandis of X. arboricola that is also able to cause classical bacterial blight symptoms on walnut leaves and fruits.

Mots-clés : xanthomonas; erwinia; juglans regia; chancre; symptome; identification; polymorphisme génétique; biologie moléculaire; pouvoir pathogène; xanthomonas arboricola; france; erwinia nigrifluen

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