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Climate-smart landscapes: Opportunities and challenges for integrating adaptation and mitigation in tropical agriculture

Harvey C.A., Chacon M., Donatti C.I., Garen E., Hannah L., Andrade A., Bede L., Brown D., Calle A., Chará J., Clement C., Gray E., Minh Ha Hoang, Minang P., Rodriguez A.M., Seeberg-Elverfeldt C., Semroc B., Shames S., Smukler S., Somarriba Chavez E., Torquebiau E., Van Etten J., Wollenberg E.. 2014. Conservation Letters, 7 (2) : p. 77-90.

Addressing the global challenges of climate change, food security, and poverty alleviation requires enhancing the adaptive capacity and mitigation potential of agricultural landscapes across the tropics. However, adaptation and mitigation activities tend to be approached separately due to a variety of technical, political, financial, and socioeconomic constraints. Here, we demonstrate that many tropical agricultural systems can provide both mitigation and adaptation benefits if they are designed and managed appropriately and if the larger landscape context is considered. Many of the activities needed for adaptation and mitigation in tropical agricultural landscapes are the same needed for sustainable agriculture more generally, but thinking at the landscape scale opens a new dimension for achieving synergies. Intentional integration of adaptation and mitigation activities in agricultural landscapes offers significant benefits that go beyond the scope of climate change to food security, biodiversity conservation, and poverty alleviation. However, achieving these objectives will require transformative changes in current policies, institutional arrangements, and funding mechanisms to foster broad-scale adoption of climate-smart approaches in agricultural landscapes. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : atténuation des effets du changement climatique; adaptation aux changements climatiques; biodiversité; pauvreté; politique de l'environnement; politique de développement; gestion des ressources; développement durable; impact sur l'environnement; adaptation; zone tropicale; paysage; agriculture; changement climatique; service environnemental; système de production agricole

Thématique : Météorologie et climatologie; Economie et politique du développement; Systèmes et modes de culture; Agriculture - Considérations générales

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