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De la producción individual hacia un contrato colectivo: aprendizaje de los agricultores

Dulcire M.. 2014. Revista de Ciencias Sociales - Universidad del Zulia. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, 20 (1) : p. 71-83.

Few researchers and policy makers take into account the historical and regional construction of relations between producers and other actors in the agri-food chain in their agricultural sector analyses. The management difficulties experienced by "new" farmers on the island of São Tomé, when they received cocoa-producing lands individually after being salaried employees, demonstrate the influence of the past. A study was made using comprehensive surveys of the actors in a new chain of organic cocoa, compared to some actors in the traditional chain. The cocoa farmers involved have had to organize in order to fulfil a contract that connects their cooperative of several communities with a French chocolate company. Those producers have had difficulty adapting to the conditions of a mutual contract. However, little by little, they have begun to compensate for individual and collective lack of initiative with a sociotechnical and organisational learning process, as an outline for emancipation toward more sociotechnical sustainability. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : organisation socioéconomique; apprentissage; groupe d'intérêt; innovation; agriculture biologique; agriculture contractuelle; theobroma cacao; sao tomé-et-principe

Thématique : Economie et politique du développement; Systèmes et modes de culture; Vulgarisation; Organisation, administration et gestion des entreprises ou exploitations agricoles

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