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Pilot application of PalmGHG, the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil greenhouse gas calculator for oil palm products

Bessou C., Chase L.D.C., Henson I.E., Abdul-Manan A.F.N., Mila i Canals L., Agus F., Sharma M., Chin M.. 2014. Journal of Cleaner Production, 73 : p. 136-145.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.12.008

The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) is a non-profit association promoting sustainable palm oil through a voluntary certification scheme. Two successive science-based working groups on greenhouse gas (GHG) were active in RSPO from 2009 to 2011, with the aim of identifying ways of achieving meaningful and verifiable reductions of GHG emissions. One of the outputs of the second group is PalmGHG, a GHG calculator using the life cycle assessment approach to quantify major sources of emissions and sequestration for individual palm oil mills and their supply base. A pilot study was carried out in 2011 with nine RSPO member companies that gave an average of 1.67 t CO2e/t crude palm oil (CPO), with a range of ?0.02 to +8.32 t CO2e/t CPO. Previous land use and the area of peat soil used were the main causes of the variation. Further modifications to PalmGHG continue to be made in order to make the tool more flexible and comprehensive, to refine default values, and to render it more user-friendly.

Mots-clés : elaeis guineensis; huile de palme; gaz à effet de serre; dioxyde de carbone; modèle mathématique; technique de prévision; impact sur l'environnement; Évaluation de l'impact; mesure; durabilité; stockage; carbone; séquestration du carbone; malaisie; indonésie

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