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Cirad

Sistemas socio-ecológicos: Un enfoque integral para comprender las interacciones de los seres humanos y la naturaleza. Experiencia de modelación participativa en tres territorios de América Latina

Fallot A., Le Coq J.F.. 2014. Revista virtual REDESMA, 7 : p. 86-95.

On behalf of the EcoAdapt research-action project, participatory modeling exercises took place and resulted in diagrammatic representations of the functioning of the territory concerned with the problem of water availability and water quality conditions. The process of modeling began with a reflection about the principal problems and challenges faced by the different stakeholders of the territory in order to formulate a shared problematic. By stating the intervention of stakeholders in this problematic and the resources they manage in the territory, it was possible to understand what participation means in an Ecosystem-based adaptation project and to identify critical knowledge gaps about the natural resources. Finally by clarifying processes and interactions between actors and resources in each site, the modelling exercise emphasized the links between different aspects that hadn't been considered before. Participatory modelling constituted a learning process and highlighted coordination failures that compromise the sustainability of the current social-ecological dynamics. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : approches participatives; Écosystème; environnement socioéconomique; gestion des ressources naturelles; apprentissage; participation; modélisation environnementale; qualité de l'eau; gestion des eaux; chili; argentine; bolivie (État plurinational de); amérique latine; recherche participative

Thématique : Ressources en eau et leur gestion; Méthodes de recherche

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