Publications des agents du Cirad


The world's challenge : Feeding 9 billion people

Guillou M., Matheron G., Hunt S., Jones-Villeneuve T., Laino I., Young C.. 2014. Heidelberg : Springer [Allemagne], 241 p..

Présentation de l'éditeur : Is the world headed toward a major food crisis? After several decades of seeming indifference, public opinion is slowly awakening to the fact that a daunting task lies ahead. If a global population of 9 billion by 2050 is to be fed adequately, more food must be produced, and this in keeping with increasingly stringent standards of quality and with respect for the environment. Not to mention the land that must be set aside for the production of energy resources, industrial goods, carbon storage and the protection of biodiversity. To meet this challenge, societies must innovate, keep losses and waste in check, and reverse the current trend of excessive and imbalanced calorie intake. At the same time, the world must put an end to hunger and with it, the suffering of some one billion people. Researchers the world over have dedicated their life¿s work to finding viable solutions to these key issues on a global scale. In this work, the heads of two leading French agricultural research organisations, INRA and CIRAD, shed light on the issue in terms that are clear and accessible to the public at large. The reader will find a wealth of information, thought provoking insight and some surprising solutions. The world can avert a crisis, provided it makes a firm commitment to profound change, notably in the consumption and production habits of today¿s western societies. Contents: Acknowledgements. Introduction. 1 - Setting the stage: Science enters the equation. A closer look at the issue. Why nine billion? Food for all: two different scenarios. Agrimonde: the results. Les sons learned from the Agrimonde study: change is in order. 2 - Eat well, eat better: Changes at the root of nutritional imbalances. Getting to the root of profound changes. Overnutrition and health. Taking action: a how to. 3 - Reducing losses and waste at consumption, distribution and processing levels: The scope of the issue. Losses at different stages and technical solutions curr

Mots-clés : sécurité alimentaire; politique de développement; politique foncière; politique agricole; politique alimentaire; gouvernance; produit alimentaire; nutrition humaine; perte après récolte; utilisation des terres; biomasse; bioénergie; gestion des ressources naturelles; biodiversité; gestion des eaux; gestion des déchets; pays en développement; changement climatique; pays développé; pauvreté; monde

Thématique : Economie et politique du développement; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Sources d'énergie renouvelable; Agriculture - Considérations générales; Nutrition humaine : considérations générales