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Como avaliar a eficácia ambiental do dispositivo de certificação florestal do FSC? Desafios e proposições metodológicas

Guéneau S.. 2013. Revista Pós Ciências Sociais, 10 (20) : p. 15-36.

Certification schemes have played an increasing role in global environmental governance. The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is emblematic of these new forms of private environmental governance based on market values. Although there have been many studies on the impacts of FSC, this remains a controversial issue. Drawing on a critical review of the methodologies used to date to assess the impacts of forest certification schemes, this paper identifies three challenges that evaluation scholars have to address in order to assess the FSC scheme in terms of environmental effectiveness: developing a point of reference to which certification measures must be compared; extending and contextualising the scope of the evaluation; and analyzing all effective management measures that contribute to obtaining the environmental result observed before examining the specific role of certification.

Mots-clés : forêt; forêt tropicale; certification; efficacité; impact sur l'environnement; Évaluation de l'impact; aménagement forestier; gestion des ressources naturelles; gestion de l'environnement; protection de la forêt

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