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Knowledge and rural development : dialogue at the heart of innovation

Présentation de l'éditeur : Following the hunger riots in 2008, against a backdrop of the world environmental and economic crisis, the arrangements in place for international aid to developing countries, particularly in Africa, were seriously called into question. The permanent threat of famine from climate change and speculation has made food-crop agriculture a core concern. What type of rural development do we need to return to, how and with whom? Some African communities have already started answering these questions. They are proposing novel and productive, local or regional actions that are proving their worth. At the confluence of heretofore overlooked cultures, new development modes are seeing the light of day. The author describes some of these African initiatives that respect the identity of rural populations. These experiences illustrate an approach whereby technical innovation is no longer central, but fits into a more global system. Another type of development is taking shape. Dialogue, active participation of the communities involved and consideration of all types of local knowledge are its basic principles. Main contents: Acknowledgements. Foreword. I. Vulnerability and resilience of smallholder farms: Limiting the cultural risk. Powerlessness of international aid. Widening the agricultural issue. II. New partnerships for research and innovation: Research and sustainable development concepts. Developing stakeholder adaptability and empowerment. III. Multi stakeholder approaches in Africa and Brazil: Participatory practices in Africa. The UniCampo pilot project in Brazil. Case study analysis. Overview. IV. Development models at the crossroads of all knowledge. Conclusion. References

Mots-clés : approches participatives; pays en développement; changement climatique; sécurité alimentaire; innovation; exploitation agricole familiale; recherche; population rurale; participation; partenariat; développement rural; brésil; afrique; savoir-faire

Thématique : Economie et politique du développement; Méthodes de recherche; Economie familiale et artisanale

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