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Climate-smart agriculture agriculture for food security

Lipper L., Thornton P., Campbell B.M., Baedeker T., Braimoh A., Bwalya M., Caron P., Cattaneo A., Garrity D.P., Henry K., Hottle R., Jackson L., Jarvis A., Kossam F., Mann W., McCarthy N., Meybeck A., Neufeldt H., Remington T., Sen P.T., Sessa R., Shula R., Tibu A., Torquebiau E.. 2014. Nature Climate Change, 4 : p. 1068-1072.

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an approach for transforming and reorienting agricultural systems to support food security under the new realities of climate change. Widespread changes in rainfall and temperature patterns threaten agricultural production and increase the vulnerability of people dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, which includes most of the world's poor. Climate change disrupts food markets, posing population-wide risks to food supply. Threats can be reduced by increasing the adaptive capacity of farmers as well as increasing resilience and resource use efficiency in agricultural production systems. CSA promotes coordinated actions by farmers, researchers, private sector, civil society and policymakers towards climate-resilient pathways through four main action areas: (1) building evidence; (2) increasing local institutional effectiveness; (3) fostering coherence between climate and agricultural policies; and (4) linking climate and agricultural financing. CSA differs from 'business-as-usual' approaches by emphasizing the capacity to implement flexible, context-specific solutions, supported by innovative policy and financing actions. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : système de production; adaptation aux changements climatiques; pauvreté; système de culture; sécurité alimentaire; coopération; scientifique; agriculteur; politique agricole; politique de développement; méthodologie; adaptation; changement climatique; agriculture; agrosystème

Thématique : Météorologie et climatologie; Agriculture - Considérations générales; Economie et politique du développement; Nutrition humaine : considérations générales; Sociologie rurale et sécurité sociale

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