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Seroprevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Mali

Sery A., Sidibé C.A.K., Cissé O., Diallo M., Kone M., Waret-Szkuta A., Roger F., Thiaucourt F., Niang M.. 2015. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 47 (2) : p. 395-402.

DOI: 10.1007/s11250-014-0738-7

A serological survey to determine the prevalence of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Mali was carried out by using the competitive enzyme linkedimmunosorbent test (c-ELISA) on 8007 serum samples systematically collected from 199 cattle herds collected throughout the whole country. Results showed a national prevalence of 18.11 % at the individual level and 85.93 % at the herd level. Significant variations in the individual prevalence were observed between regions of the country and ranged from 4.63 % in Tombouctou to 54.88 % in Kidal. At the herd level, although there were variations between regions, a high prevalence was constantly observed ranging from 60 to 100 %, hence confirming the endemic nature of the disease across the country. The CBPP risk varied also between regions and was very low in Tombouctou (odds ratio (OR)=0.4) but very high in Kidal (OR=9.8). Similarly, the risk seemed higher in the animals of the over 3-year age group (OR=1.6) compared to the other age groups. It was also observed that there was a slightly higher risk (OR=1.3) in the females than in the males. This study confirms the presence of CBPP across the country and should help to elaborate strategies for the effective control of the disease.

Mots-clés : mali

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