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Integrated fly management in European ruminant operations from the perspective of directive 2009/128/EC on sustainable use of pesticides

Durel L., Estrada-Pena A., Franc M., Mehlhorn H., Bouyer J.. 2015. Parasitology Research, 114 (2) : p. 379-389.

Integrated pest management (IPM) in agriculture animals remains undeveloped as compared to IPM in crops. With respect to the range of external nuisance arthropods that may bother farm animals, development and implementation of systematic IPM strategies are difficult to carry out. However, recurrent outbreaks of blue tongue disease in sheep and cattle, the public threats regarding the prophylactic use of veterinary insecticides and the need to preserve the efficacy of available actives have to lead the reflexion on new control strategies for arthropod pests of livestock. A recent extension of EU regulation on the use of pesticides in crops provides an opportunity to compare IPM strategies and to suggest new lines of reflection for the control of nuisance pests in ruminants under European conditions. In this paper, actions suggested by the Annex III of the Directive 2009/128/CE on Sustainable Use of Pesticides and related National Action Plans from 28 member states of the EU were reviewed from an animal production perspective by a group of veterinary entomologists. Eight lines of action have been identified and thus challenged with respect to current husbandry practices in modern European ruminant operations. Many IPM strategies for crops were identified to be unsuitable for large animals. Suggestions for implementing tools, opportunities and constraint assessment, and needs for support were also discussed. Only control of pest development sites and monitoring of harmful organisms were considered achievable in the near future; both in conjunction with the use of topical insecticides. Complementary actions such as alternatives to chemical control require further researches and industrial development. Marketing of IGR-based feed additives would be of great interest, but development of new compounds for veterinary medicines is very unlikely with respect to the European regulatory environment and associated cost of development. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : agriculture durable; surveillance épidémiologique; surveillance des déprédateurs; contrôle de maladies; réglementation; complément alimentaire pour animaux; méthode de lutte; santé animale; lutte intégrée; utilisation; insecticide; gestion intégrée des ravageurs; ruminant; culicoides; pays de l'union européenne

Thématique : Organismes nuisibles des animaux; Maladies des animaux; Ravageurs des plantes

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