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Mainstreaming impact evaluation in nature conservation

Baylis K., Honey-Rosés J., Börner J., Corbera E., Ezzine de Blas D., Ferraro P., Lapeyre R., Persson U.M., Pfaff A., Wunder S., Smukler S.. 2016. Conservation Letters, 9 (1) : p. 58-64.

An important part of conservation practice is the empirical evaluation of program and policy impacts. Understanding why conservation programs succeed or fail is essential for designing cost-effective initiatives and for improving the livelihoods of natural resource users. The evidence we seek can be generated with modern impact evaluation designs. Such designs measure causal effects of specific interventions by comparing outcomes with the interventions to outcomes in credible counterfactual scenarios. Good designs also identify the conditions under which the causal effect arises. Despite a critical need for empirical evidence, conservation science has been slow to adopt these impact evaluation designs. We identify reasons for the slow rate of adoption, and provide suggestions for mainstreaming impact evaluation in nature conservation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : écosystème forestier; moyens d'existence durables; gestion des ressources naturelles; déboisement; réduction des émissions; Évaluation de l'impact; aide à la décision; politique de l'environnement; protection de l'environnement; protection de la forêt; conservation des ressources; monde

Thématique : Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières; Dégâts causés aux forêts et leur protection; Economie et politique du développement

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