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Work organization on smallholder dairy farms: A process unique to each farm

Hostiou N., Cialdella N., Vazquez V., Muller A.G., Le Gal P.Y.. 2015. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 47 (7) : p. 1271-1278.

DOI: 10.1007/s11250-015-0859-7

The way smallholder farms organize and carry out work impacts their ability to secure their livelihoods and meet growing demand for agricultural products. This study investigates the way dairy family farms in Brazil manage their workforce to achieve their objectives of production and income. Fifteen smallholder farms were surveyed using the QuaeWork method to understand the work organization on each farm. A high diversity of workloads was found, but these do not appear to be strictly related to the farms' production systems. The high variability of workloads is linked to the available workforce, technical choices, and the delegation of tasks to an external workforce. Farmers can decrease their workload by adopting milking mechanization, silage, hiring labor, and increasing the duration of the work day. Work organization depends on a farmer's personal choices, rendering the whole issue of workforce management a process unique to each farm.

Mots-clés : petite exploitation agricole; exploitation agricole familiale; Élevage; production laitière; main d'oeuvre familiale; travailleur agricole; analyse économique; organisation du travail; agriculteur; gestion de l'exploitation agricole; minas gerais

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