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Supervised image segmentation using Q-Shift Dual-Tree Complex Wavelet Transform coefficients with a texton approach

Kennel P., Fiorio C., Borne F.. 2017. Pattern Analysis and Application, 20 (1) : p. 227-237.

DOI: 10.1007/s10044-015-0491-1

In this study, we propose a simple and efficient texture-based algorithm for image segmentation. This method constitutes computing textons and bag of words (BOWs) learned by support vector machine (SVM) classifiers. Textons are composed of local magnitude coefficients that arise from the Q-Shift Dual-Tree Complex Wavelet Transform (DT-CWT) combined with color components. In keeping with the needs of our research context, which addresses land cover mapping from remote images, we use a few small texture patches at the training stage, where other supervised methods usually train fully representative textures. We accounted for the scale and rotation invariance issue of the textons, and three different invariance transforms were evaluated on DT-CWT-based features. The largest contribution of this study is the comparison of three classification schemes in the segmentation algorithm. Specifically, we designed a new scheme that was especially competitive and that uses several classifiers, with each classifier adapted to a specific size of analysis window in texton quantification and trained on a reduced data set by random selection. This configuration allows quick SVM convergence and an easy parallelization of the SVM-bank while maintaining a high segmentation accuracy. We compare classification results with textons made using the well-known maximum response filters bank and speed up robust features features as references. We show that DT-CWT textons provide better distinguishing features in the entire set of configurations tested. Benchmarks of our different method configurations were made over two substantial textured mosaic sets, each composed of 100 grey or color mosaics made up of Brodatz or VisTex textures. Lastly, when applied to remote sensing images, our method yields good region segmentation compared to the ENVI commercial software, which demonstrates that the method could be used to generate land cover maps and is suitable for various purposes in image segmentation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : analyse d'image; télédétection; logiciel; modèle mathématique; couverture du sol; couverture végétale

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